Monster-Sized Humboldt Squid?

Good numbers of Humboldt squid have been showing up off the California coast in recent years. Although there are no bag limits at this time, anglers should be conservation-minded and take only what they can comfortably use. One large jumbo squid can easily feed an entire family for quite a long time. (Rick Copeland aboard the F/V Huli Cat. Photo by Carrie Wilson)

Question: There’s been a huge population of Humboldt squid showing up off the central California coast in recent years. As aggressive as they are, I am curious what effects they may be having on our game fish populations. These squid are also really fun to catch and it’s easy to get caught up in the frenzy of the fishing when you get into a big school of them. Unfortunately, the result is often boats and their anglers wind up harvesting more than they can handle, and many of these big squid end up going to waste. Should we have bag limits on them? (John P., San Jose)

Answer: Humboldt, or jumbo squid (Dosidicus gigas) have indeed made their return to California waters, and in a big way. They are now being caught on party boats from San Diego to Fort Bragg. Special evening trips that specifically target the squid are catching behemoths ranging from 12 to 40 lbs.
As far as what impact the Humboldt squid may be having on other game fish populations, the jury is still out. The squid’s major prey items include lantern fishes; however, lantern fishes are prey to a lot of other game fishes, so it may be more of a competition aspect rather than strictly a predator-prey aspect. Humboldt squid are more efficient predators in low oxygen environments than fish predators and can out-compete these species. However, they also feed on a wide range of species from northern anchovy, Pacific sardine, Pacific mackerel, juvenile rockfishes, and squid species (including themselves, hence their reputation) so there is great potential to directly affect game fish populations.

According to Senior Marine Biologist and DFG squid expert Dale Sweetnam, “Researchers have been observing the expansion and shallowing of oxygen minimum zones off the West Coast in recent years. It is that environment that Dosidicus flourishes in and is probably the reason that they are still out and about and in no hurry to leave.”

Although there is no limit at this time on the number of Humboldt squid that can be caught, anglers should be conservation-minded and take only what they can comfortably use. Landing reports indicate that large numbers of squid are not only being caught, but also being kept. The DFG is also receiving disturbing reports of a number of fishermen actually then dumping these dead squid when returning to the docks. Not only is this unethical but it also constitutes violations of wanton waste which is willfully wasting the state’s fish resources (CCR Title 14 Section 1.87.)

For everyone who gets the fun opportunity to fish for these enormous mollusks, take only what you plan to use. One large jumbo squid can easily feed an entire family for quite a long time. By being thoughtful and helping to conserve the state’s marine resources, we hope these animals will keep coming back in good numbers for years to come.

If you catch a jumbo squid and do not plan on eating it, please release it back into the water. These monster-sized creatures are a lot of fun to catch and they will usually survive when released, to be caught by another angler on another day.

Is It Legal to Carry but Not Use Lead Bullets When Hunting Big Game?
Question: I’ll be hunting wild boar in Condor Country using lead free ammo in my rifle. Is it legal to have lead bullets in my .44 mag as a back up safety gun while walking in this lead free hunting area? (Mark N., Simi Valley)

Answer: Wild pig are classified as big game. According to Game Warden Todd Tognazzini it is unlawful to possess lead bullets for your handgun while hunting big game. Lead free bullets are available for your .44 magnum and would be required.

Fishing trip through Oregon and California and then retaining fish from both?
Question: I will be steelhead fishing in Oregon and was wondering if I bring home Oregon fish with the appropriate punch card, can I also stop and fish on the way back (in California) and retain a fish using a California punch card? (John S.)

Answer: So let’s say you took one steelhead from the Chetco River in Oregon and then stop off at the Smith River to fish. According to Lt. Dennis McKiver, since the bag and possession limit for the Smith River is one steelhead, you cannot then fish for steelhead in the Smith River while in possession of one steelhead. If you took another steelhead you would be over the possession limit. You will also have to complete and submit a “Declaration of Entry Form” when bringing fish and game in from another state. Having the steelhead recorded on an Oregon Report Card will not be enough. The declaration forms can be found online at

Is It Legal to Hunt Rabbits With a Spot Light?
Question: If I am on my own property, can I hunt rabbits at night with a spot light? (John S.)

Answer: No.

#  #  #

Carrie Wilson is a marine biologist with the California Department of Fish and Game. While she cannot personally answer everyone’s questions, she will select a few to answer each week. Please contact her at

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s